BROOKLYN, N.Y., Oct. 28, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Etsy, Inc. (NASDAQ: ETSY), which operates two-sided online marketplaces that connect millions of passionate and creative buyers and sellers around the world, today announced financial results for its third quarter ended September 30, 2020.
"We delivered very strong results during the third quarter, with consolidated GMS and revenue growth up 119% and 128% respectively, evidence of our focused execution, engagement with our buyers and sellers, and our strong brand, underpinned by the unique inventory in our marketplace," said Josh Silverman, Etsy, Inc. Chief Executive Officer. "Consumer shopping habits have been greatly influenced by the events of 2020, and Etsy truly stands for something different. We've been able to sustain growth by driving retention and frequency of our existing buyers as well as becoming an important shopping destination for new buyers. While early, our incremental investments in product and marketing - specifically focused on search and frequency - are driving improvements in the customer experience. We are proud of our momentum, built on the strength of our business model and with the support of our engaged and focused team."
Third Quarter 2020 Financial Summary
(in thousands, except percentages; unaudited)
The unaudited GAAP and non-GAAP financial measures and key operating and financial metrics we use are:
Three Months Ended
Nine Months Ended
Adjusted EBITDA (Non-GAAP)
Percent mobile GMS
Percent international GMS
GMS for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 includes Reverb's GMS of $205.1 million and $76.9 million,
respectively. Etsy.com GMS for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was $2.4 billion and $1.1 billion,
respectively. GMS for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 includes Reverb's GMS of $600.4 million and
$76.9 million, respectively. Etsy.com GMS for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was $6.1 billion and
$3.2 billion, respectively.
For information about how we define our metrics, see our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2020.
"2020 demonstrates the scalability and value of our marketplace business model," said Rachel Glaser, Etsy, Inc. Chief Financial Officer. "We have a very disciplined approach to our investments with a goal to deliver profitable long-term growth. Our investments in marketing have contributed to encouraging progress in buyer retention and frequency which will serve as a foundation for the future. Etsy is uniquely positioned to leverage our strong balance sheet, dynamic business model, and solid fundamentals to capitalize on our large addressable market."
Third Quarter 2020 Highlights
Select highlights of our third quarter operating performance and business initiatives are outlined below:
- Of the 138 million all time buyers on the Etsy marketplace, approximately 50% have now purchased at least once in the last year, with approximately 69 million active buyers in the third quarter. In addition, the Etsy marketplace saw an influx of 14.8 million new buyers and reactivated buyers during the third quarter - the latter being those who haven't purchased in a year or more. We have implemented various strategies to engage and target new and existing buyers on and off-site, with personalized and consistent messaging across many channels, driving repeat visitation.
- The majority of Etsy's GMS is driven by existing buyers, and we have experienced a significant change in buyer cohorts in terms of the frequency with which they shop and the amount they are spending on Etsy. In terms of third quarter 2020 GMS per buyer, when using data for our 2018 buyer cohort as a proxy for how our historical cohorts have performed, existing buyers have increased their GMS per buyer by more than 50% in the third quarter of 2020 when compared to the third quarter of 2019, even when excluding face mask purchases.
- We have also seen an increase in the value of our recent new buyer cohorts when measured by GMS per buyer. For example, a buyer in the second quarter of 2020, whose first purchase was not a face mask, spent 50% more in their subsequent purchases in the first 90 days on Etsy than a new buyer in the second quarter of 2019. New buyers in the second quarter of 2020 whose first purchase on Etsy was a face mask are similarly valuable in GMS per buyer in terms of subsequent 90-day purchases, although they are primarily returning to Etsy to buy more face masks.
- We made additional progress in search and discovery by relieving friction in the search journey to make the site more browseable, increasing site performance, and improving the relevance and engagement of recommendations. We removed guided search icons, which had a neutral impact as we've made improvements to organic search, and launched Single Page App pagination to create faster, more responsive search pages. In addition, we began to incorporate buyer characteristics into our ranking algorithm for in-cart recommendations, which drove incremental GMS in the third quarter.
- We leveraged reviews to help buyers make more informed purchase decisions on items they are searching for. By incorporating machine learning we are now able to prioritize the most helpful reviews which are those that have substantial text, images, and are similar to the target listing.
- We deepened the human connections in our marketplace by launching listing videos, which help sellers showcase their products to buyers in ways they previously could not with photos, showing their expertise in making and bringing their products to life. As of September 30, 2020, approximately 1.5 million sellers videos were uploaded.
- Through our product development efforts we built trust in our marketplace by focusing on the core buying experience, improving shipping transparency and post-purchase experiences. We are helping buyers better understand when they should expect an item to arrive by expanding listing coverage of expected delivery dates. We launched a tool to help sellers adjust their processing times, a key input for expected delivery dates, based on their historical performance for time to ship.
- We added enhancements to our Etsy Ads (formerly Promoted Listings) service, improving the relevance of ads in search and the speed of incorporating changes in a seller's budget. We also made our Etsy Ads infrastructure more efficient, providing better search results while simultaneously using fewer cloud resources. To add to the seller experience, we launched performance graphs in the ads dashboard, helping to make advertising on Etsy as easy as possible for our sellers. These efforts contributed to the 91.4% year-over-year growth of on-site advertising revenue in the third quarter.
- We significantly increased our investments in marketing, and our optimization of spend across our marketing channels, with a particular focus on increasing the percentage of spend to mid and upper funnel channels. Upper funnel marketing spend, including television and digital video, was 18.1% of our overall marketing spend, or approximately $23 million, in the third quarter. During the quarter, the teams also worked to finalize our holiday plans, which include a sales hub, earlier visibility of holiday onsite, and gift guides.
- We're also investing to drive frequency and buyer engagement. During the quarter, we launched a new buyer offer to target buyers through a series of emails after their initial purchase. We leveraged our CRM capabilities and machine learning to incentivize buyers to return to the site for a subsequent purchase.
- Our team remains highly productive while working remotely. During this time we allocated resources to critical infrastructure improvements to more accurately categorize our inventory and are investing in longer-term initiatives such as search and frequency and are seeing encouraging data from our recent product launches.
- Reverb launched a new feature that enables sellers to offer more competitive shipping rates to buyers that purchase multiple qualifying items. Reverb also made investments in customer support that are shortening response times for buyers and sellers.
Additional GMS highlights for the third quarter of 2020 include:
- GMS excluding mask sales for the Etsy marketplace was $2.2 billion, up 93% year-over-year, and 11% of the Etsy marketplace's overall GMS was from mask sales.
- Etsy marketplace's GMS per active buyer on a trailing 12-month basis grew 8% year-over-year and 4% excluding masks.
- In the third quarter, the Etsy marketplace delivered 9.6 million new buyers and 5.2 million reactivated buyers who have not purchased in a year or more. Habitual buyers, buyers with 6 or more purchase days and over $200 in spend in the trailing 12-months, grew 104%, outpacing overall active buyer growth, and repeat buyers, buyers with 2 or more purchase days in the trailing 12-months, grew 70% in the third quarter.
- GMS from paid channels was 19% of overall GMS in the third quarter of 2020, expanding 500 basis points compared to the third quarter of 2019.
- Consolidated active buyers grew 55.4% year-over-year in the third quarter, and active sellers grew 42.0% year-over-year.
Third Quarter 2020 Consolidated Financial Results
- Total revenue was $451.5 million for the third quarter of 2020, up 128.1% year-over-year, driven by strong growth in both Marketplace and Services revenue.
- Consolidated take rate was 17.1% for the third quarter of 2020, up 60 basis points year-over-year, driven by Etsy Ads, Offsite Ads, and the expansion of our Etsy Payments Platform.
- Gross profit for the third quarter of 2020 was $331.3 million, up 156.8% year-over-year, and gross margin was 73.4%, up 820 basis points compared with 65.2% in the third quarter of 2019. The expansion in gross margin was primarily driven by our shift to Offsite Ads, which drives revenue growth without an equal offset in cost of revenue, and to a lesser extent revenue growth from Etsy Ads.
- Income from operations was $118.2 million in the third quarter of 2020, up 730% year-over-year, compared to a decline of 24% in the third quarter of 2019. The increase in income from operations was driven by an increase in gross profit coupled with leverage in operating expenses. Operating expenses were up 85.7% year-over-year driven primarily by our investments in marketing initiatives, including our shift to Offsite Ads where Etsy leverages its expertise and marketing budget to drive growth for sellers.
- Net income for the third quarter of 2020 was $91.8 million, with diluted earnings per share of $0.70.
- Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA for the third quarter of 2020 was $151.4 million and grew 259.9% year-over-year. Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA margin (i.e., non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA divided by revenue) was 33.5% in the third quarter of 2020, up 1,220 basis points year-over-year. Adjusted EBITDA performance was driven primarily by year-over-year revenue growth.
- Cash, cash equivalents, short- and long-term investments were $1.6 billion as of September 30, 2020 in addition to a $200 million revolving credit facility that is currently undrawn. During the quarter, we issued $650.0 million of 7-year convertible senior notes. A portion of the proceeds were used to repurchase $301.1 million of our 0% Convertible Senior Notes due 2023 ("2018 Notes") and to enter into $74.7 million of capped call instruments.
Financial Guidance and Outlook
Below is Etsy's guidance for the fourth quarter of 2020.
Q4 2020 Guidance
October 28, 2020
GMS Year-Over-Year Growth
65% - 85%
~$2.7B - $3.1B
Revenue Year-Over-Year Growth
70% - 90%
~$459M - $513M
Adjusted EBITDA Margin*
24% - 27%
~$117M - $131M
*Assumes the midpoint of our revenue guidance.
"We are making significant investments today that reflect our strong conviction that Etsy has considerable opportunities for further growth - and that investments in technology, marketing, product, and people will yield both near and long-term benefits," continued Mr. Silverman. "We're focused on driving seller growth and bringing joy to buyers this holiday season. So far, October GMS growth trends for both Etsy and Reverb have been similar to what we experienced in September. Looking further out, 2021 is extremely hard to predict and we will be lapping enormous 2020 growth. We are confident that investing in Etsy's 'Right to Win' strategy will enable us to capitalize on our large market opportunity and unique position in e-commerce."
Webcast and Conference Call Information
Etsy will host a video webcast conference call to discuss these results at 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time today, which will be live-streamed via the Company's Investor Relations website (investors.etsy.com) under the events section. Those interested in submitting questions during the earnings call can do so by using the Q&A chat window, which will be available during the webcast. A copy of the earnings call presentation will also be posted to our website.
A replay of the video webcast will be available through the same link following the conference call starting at 8:00 p.m. Eastern Time this evening, for at least three months thereafter.
Etsy, Inc. operates two-sided online marketplaces that connect millions of passionate and creative buyers and sellers around the world. Our primary marketplace, Etsy.com, is the global destination for unique and creative goods. Buyers come to Etsy to be inspired and delighted by items that are crafted and curated by creative entrepreneurs. For sellers, we offer a range of tools and services that address key business needs. In addition, Etsy, Inc. owns Reverb, a leading global online marketplace dedicated to buying and selling new, used, and vintage musical instruments.
Etsy's mission is to "Keep Commerce Human," and we're committed to using the power of business to strengthen communities and empower people. Our company was founded in 2005 and is headquartered in Brooklyn, New York.
Etsy has used, and intends to continue using, its Investor Relations website and the Etsy News Blog (blog.etsy.com/news) to disclose material non-public information and to comply with its disclosure obligations under Regulation FD. Accordingly, you should monitor our investor relations website and the Etsy News Blog in addition to following our press releases, SEC filings, and public conference calls and webcasts.
Investor Relations Contact:
Deb Wasser, Vice President, Investor Relations
Gabriel Ratcliff, Director, Investor Relations
Media Relations Contact:
Sarah Marx, Senior Manager, Corporate Communications
Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This press release contains or references forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Forward-looking statements include statements relating to our financial guidance for the fourth quarter of 2020 and key drivers thereof; the impact of our investments on topline and profitable growth; our ability to capitalize on our large market opportunity; and the uncertain impacts that the COVID-19 pandemic may have on our business, strategy, operating results, key metrics, financial condition, profitability, and cash flows and changes in overall level of consumer spending and volatility in the global economy. Forward-looking statements include all statements that are not historical facts. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by terms such as "anticipates," "believes," "could," "estimates," "expects," "intends," "may," "plans," "will," or similar expressions and the negatives of those words.
Forward-looking statements involve substantial risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those that we expect. These risks and uncertainties include: (1) risks related to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, which continues to impact our GMS, other key metrics and results of operations in numerous ways that remain volatile and unpredictable; (2) the fluctuation of our quarterly operating results; (3) our failure to meet our publicly announced guidance or other expectations; (4) our ability to successfully execute on our business strategy or if our strategy proves to be ineffective; (5) our ability to attract and retain an active and engaged community of sellers and buyers; (6) our ability to continue our rapid growth; (7) macroeconomic events that are outside of our control; (8) our ability to recruit and retain employees; (9) the importance to our success of the trustworthiness of our marketplaces and the connections within our community; (10) our ability to enhance our current offerings and develop new offerings to respond to the changing needs of sellers and buyers; (11) the effectiveness of our marketing efforts; (12) the effectiveness of our mobile solutions for sellers and buyers; (13) our ability to expand our business in our core geographic markets; (14) regulation in the area of privacy and protection of user data; (15) our dependence on third-party payment providers; (16) acquisitions that may prove unsuccessful or divert management attention, including our acquisition of Reverb; and (17) the potential misuse or disclosure of sensitive information about members of our community and the potential for cyber-attacks. These risks and uncertainties are more fully described in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including in the section entitled "Risk Factors" in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, and subsequent reports that we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2020. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance, achievements, or events and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements will occur.
Forward-looking statements represent our beliefs and assumptions only as of the date of this press release. We disclaim any obligation to update forward-looking statements.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands; unaudited)
Cash and cash equivalents
Accounts receivable, net
Prepaid and other current assets
Funds receivable and seller accounts
Total current assets
Property and equipment, net
Intangible assets, net
Deferred tax assets
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Finance lease obligations—current
Funds payable and amounts due to sellers
Other current liabilities
Total current liabilities
Finance lease obligations—net of current portion
Deferred tax liabilities
Long-term debt, net
Total stockholders' equity
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts; unaudited)
Three Months Ended
Nine Months Ended
Cost of revenue
General and administrative
Total operating expenses
Income from operations
Other expense, net
Income before income taxes
Benefit (provision) for income taxes
Net income per share attributable to common stockholders:
Weighted-average common shares outstanding:
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands; unaudited)
Nine Months Ended
Cash flows from operating activities
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Stock-based compensation expense
Depreciation and amortization expense
Provision for expected credit losses
Foreign exchange loss
Non-cash interest expense
Deferred income taxes
Loss on extinguishment of debt
Other non-cash expense (income), net
Changes in operating assets and liabilities
Net cash provided by operating activities
Cash flows from investing activities
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired
Cash paid for asset acquisition and intangible assets
Purchases of property and equipment
Development of internal-use software
Purchases of marketable securities
Sales of marketable securities
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
Cash flows from financing activities
Payment of tax obligations on vested equity awards
Repurchase of stock
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
Proceeds from issuance of convertible senior notes
Payment of debt issuance costs
Purchase of capped calls
Settlement of convertible senior notes
Payments on finance lease obligations
Other financing, net
Net cash provided by financing activities
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of period
Currency-Neutral GMS Growth
We calculate currency-neutral GMS growth by translating current period GMS for goods sold that were listed in non-U.S. dollar currencies into U.S. dollars using prior year foreign currency exchange rates.
As reported and currency-neutral GMS growth for the periods presented below is as follows and include the operations of Reverb since August 15, 2019 (the date of acquisition):
Quarter-to-Date Period Ended
Year-to-Date Period Ended
September 30, 2020
June 30, 2020
March 31, 2020
December 31, 2019
September 30, 2019
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
In this press release, we provide Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure that represents our net income adjusted to exclude: interest and other non-operating expense, net; (benefit) provision for income taxes; depreciation and amortization; stock-based compensation expense; foreign exchange loss; acquisition-related expenses; non-ordinary course disputes; and loss on extinguishment of debt. Below is a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure.
We have included Adjusted EBITDA because it is a key measure used by our management and Board of Directors to evaluate our operating performance and trends, allocate internal resources, prepare and approve our annual budget, develop short- and long-term operating plans, determine incentive compensation, and assess the health of our business. As our Adjusted EBITDA increases, we are able to invest more in our platform.
We believe that Adjusted EBITDA can provide a useful measure for period-to-period comparisons of our business as it removes the impact of certain non-cash items and certain variable charges.
Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool, and you should not consider it in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Some of these limitations are:
- Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect other non-operating expenses, net of other non-operating income, including net interest expense;
- Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect tax payments that may represent a reduction in cash available to us;
- although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized may have to be replaced in the future, and Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect cash capital expenditure requirements for such replacements or for new capital expenditure requirements;
- Adjusted EBITDA does not consider the impact of stock-based compensation expense;
- Adjusted EBITDA does not consider the impact of foreign exchange loss;
- Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect acquisition-related expenses;
- Adjusted EBITDA does not consider the impact of non-ordinary course disputes;
- Adjusted EBITDA does not consider the impact of the loss on extinguishment of debt; and
- other companies, including companies in our industry, may calculate Adjusted EBITDA differently, which reduces its usefulness as a comparative measure.
Because of these limitations, you should consider Adjusted EBITDA alongside other financial performance measures, including net income and our other GAAP results.
Reconciliation of Net Income to Adjusted EBITDA
Three Months Ended
Nine Months Ended
Interest and other non-operating expense, net (1)
(Benefit) provision for income taxes
Depreciation and amortization (2)
Stock-based compensation expense
Foreign exchange loss (3)
Acquisition-related expenses (4)
Non-ordinary course disputes
Loss on extinguishment of debt (5)
Included in interest and other non-operating expense, net is primarily non-cash interest expense, including
amortization of debt issuance costs, related to our convertible debt offerings, which were entered into in
March 2018, September 2019, and August 2020.
Included in depreciation and amortization is depreciation expense related to our headquarters lease, which
is accounted for as a finance lease. Additionally, the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and
2019 include amortization expense of acquired intangible assets and developed technology related to the
acquisition of Reverb in the third quarter of 2019.
Foreign exchange loss is primarily driven by the change in U.S. Dollar, Euro, and Pound Sterling exchange
rates on our intercompany and other non-functional currency cash balances.
Acquisition-related expenses are expenses related to our acquisition of Reverb.
During the third quarter of 2020, the Company repurchased $301.1 million aggregate principal amount of
its outstanding 2018 Notes. The Company recognized a non-cash loss on extinguishment of debt of $16.9
million as a result.
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SOURCE Etsy, Inc.